Tristan Ivory (Assistant Professor, International and Comparative Labor) with Chuling Huang (Ph.D. Candidate, ILR)
Title: Labor of Love: Cross-Nativity Marriage and Immigrant Labor Force Participation Across European Union Member States
Abstract: This article asks the question: “Does the effect cross-nativity marriage has on immigrant labor market outcomes change over time if a society becomes more or less egalitarian and, if so, how and by how much?" We analyze data from the European Union Labor Force Survey (EU-LFS), European Social Survey (ESS), and Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) using multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) to look at substantive changes in immigrant labor force outcomes across nineteen European Union countries from 2008 to 2018. Our findings show that the benefit cross-natively married immigrants experience in the labor market diminishes as countries adopt less-welcoming policies and attitudes towards outsiders. Conversely, the same benefit increases as countries adopt more welcoming polices and attitudes towards outsiders over the same time period. Furthermore, immigrants with higher levels of human capital retain an advantage over immigrants with lower levels of human capital in both conditions.